Exposure & Ritual Prevention (ERP)



Sometimes called Exposure and Ritual Prevention, ERP is a type of behavioral treatment for OCD and Anxiety. practiced as a part of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT). ERP involves two components. First, people gradually expose themselves to experiences that provoke anxiety. For instance, someone with Harm OCD might start by saying certain words like “snap” or “stab.” In some cases, people face things they have been avoiding completely. In the example of Harm OCD, someone might start using kitchen knives again. The second step is to prevent compulsions or safety behaviors after doing exposures. This is the response prevention. For the person with Harm OCD, this could involve refraining from seeking reassurance about if they seem capable of harming someone.


ERP is the “gold-standard” treatment for OCD. ERP is also a treatment for Generalized Anxiety DisorderSocial Anxiety DisorderIllness Anxiety Disorder (or Hypochondria)Panic DisorderSpecific Phobias, and Body Dysmorphic Disorder. Treatment varies for each based on the diagnosis. For example, worry exposures are a form of imaginal exposure exercise used to treat Generalized Anxiety Disorder. Interoceptive exposures, or exposures that target physical symptoms, are often used in the treatment of Panic Disorder

Many people are nervous about ERP. Please keep in mind that through the therapy process, people typically experience increased willingness to feel anxious. They also learn how to open up to and accept anxiety through Mindfulness and Acceptance & Commitment Therapy. Ultimately, it is always an individual’s decision to do exposures or not, even within the context of this therapeutic approach. An ERP Therapist is respectful of their Client’s experience and will never force a Client to do anything.


ERP helps in a number of ways. First, when a person avoids triggers or performs compulsions or safety behaviors, they teach themselves that they are in danger, even if they rationally know they are not. For instance, each time a person with OCD checks a lock repeatedly, they teach themselves that there is a high risk that they forgot to close the door. They are training their brains.

More than that, when a persons avoids, they do not learn what happens when they face their fears. Often, the outcome they are afraid of doesn’t come to pass. Even when feared outcomes happen, people generally find that they are able to handle them. For example, if someone has Social Anxiety and a fear of public speaking, they may avoid public speaking. As a result, they never see what happens when they do speak in public and thus remain convinced that they are not capable of handling their stress.

Also, by facing fears without doing safety behaviors or compulsions, people get to experience their ability to tolerate anxiety and distress. Instead of just understanding their ability to feel things theoretically, they have proof of what they can face and survive. They learn to feel their feelings so that their feelings do not limit them. For example, people who are afraid of the symptoms of panic in Panic Disorder learn about their resilience and ability to feel panic symptoms first hand. As a result, their panic is no longer in charge.


Over time, people tend to become less fearful of triggers. People “habituate,” that is to say they get used to the things that used to cause fear. So the first time that you drop rumination about whether your thoughts are signs of a problem yet to come, you may be deeply afraid. As you continue this practice, however, it usually becomes progressively easier to tolerate the unknown.

That being said, habituation isn’t the goal of ERP. In recent years with the advent of the Inhibitory Learning model, the focus has shifted from habituating to triggers to building distress tolerance. Habituation is a side effect of learning to be unconditionally accepting of thoughts and feelings. When you use ERP to try to get rid of your anxiety, you’re now trying to avoid feelings again which was the problem in the first place. The goal is to be with thoughts, anxiety and uncertainty and to make space for these experiences.

Ultimately ERP is an exercise that builds the response prevention muscle for its use in daily life. Exposures are everywhere. They are the triggers that people regularly face. The key is to help individuals face their triggers without doing the compulsions and safety behaviors that consume their lives.


Are you or a loved one looking for help with OCD, Anxiety, or BDD? Therapists at the Center for the Obsessive Mind use ERP to support Individuals with these mental health concerns. You can learn more about the treatments and services we provide here.


The Center for the Obsessive Mind offers

therapy in several states and internationally.

Learn more about where the staff practices, below.

Pastel skies and a pristine beach in Northern California, one of the areas where The Center for the Obsessive Mind does ERP for OCD and Anxiety .


The Center for the Obsessive Mind’s staff therapists offer online ERP for OCD and Anxiety throughout California. Our Clients span from San Francisco down to Southern Orange County and San Diego. Whether you’re in Silicon Valley, Santa Barbara, Beverly Hills or Dana Point, the Center’s staff can support you in your recovery.

The red rock spires of Bryce Canyon in Utah, one of the states where The Center for the Obsessive Mind offers ERP for OCD and Anxiety .


Staff members at the Center for the Obsessive Mind offer ERP for OCD and Anxiety in the state of Utah. Since we provide teletherapy, we work with people who live in different areas of the Beehive State – from Salt Lake City and its suburbs, like West Jordan, Syracuse, Highland and Riverton, to Park City and St. George.

Clear turquoise waters in the Keys, one of the places where The Center for the Obsessive Mind practice ERP for OCD and Anxiety in Florida.


Therapists at the Center for the Obsessive Mind also offer ERP for OCD and Anxiety online in Florida. We see people from all corners of the Sunshine state. Whether you’re from Naples, Orlando, Miami, or Boca Raton, we can provide specialized counseling remotely in your area.

The placid, clear waters of Sand Harbor in Lake Tahoe, one part of Nevada where The Center for the Obsessive Mind offers ERP for OCD and Anxiety online.


Therapists at the Center for the Obsessive Mind also practice teletherapy in Nevada. So if you’re seeking help in Glenbrook, Incline Village, Reno or Las Vegas, we offer ERP online across the Grand Canyon State.

The Seven Sisters sea cliffs in Sussex, England, one international locale where  The Center for the Obsessive Mind provides counseling.


In addition to all of the locations previously listed, the staff at the Center for the Obsessive Mind offer ERP for OCD and Anxiety via teletherapy to a number of countries internationally.

Cozy couch and computer: all you need for teletherapy and what your treatment for depression with The Center for the Obsessive Mind could look like.


Online therapy isn’t right for everyone. An assessment must be done to determine if online therapy is appropriate for your needs. You can reach out here to learn more.


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Disclaimer: The information contained on this website is intended for informational and education purposes only and is not meant to be a replacement for therapy. If you are interested in treatment, you can email us and we will happily provide you with more information.