WHAT IS CONTAMINATION OCD?
Those who struggle with Contamination OCD have concerns related to the idea that they might become contaminated. This is one of the better known subtypes of OCD, and often involves excessive hand-washing or avoidance. People can have concerns related to germs or illness. They might also have fears of being contaminated with cleaning products or other chemicals. Sometimes materials, like asbestos, can also be at the center of this subtype. Whatever the case, when people present to treatment with Contamination OCD, they are often experiencing significant limitation as a result of their symptoms.
Some people with this form of OCD are more concerned with the disgust they feel when they come into contact with contaminants. Therefore they are anxious about the feeling of disgust and, in an attempt to avoid that feeling, they do compulsions.
There are some people who are more concerned with Emotional Contamination. In this form of OCD, certain people, places or things are associated with negative feelings and so are “contaminated.” The fear is that if they come into contact with the person, place or thing, they may feel that unpleasant emotion ongoing.
CONTAMINATION OCD SYMPTOMS
How do you know if you have OCD? Only a licensed practitioner can perform an official assessment and provide a diagnosis. That said, the symptoms of OCD include the presence of obsessions and compulsions that take up a significant amount of time, cause distress and impair social, occupational and other important areas of functioning.
Obsessions are intrusive, upsetting, repetitive, distressing thoughts, images and urges. In Contamination OCD, obsessions can include thoughts like:
- That red spot might be blood. What if I get HIV by touching it?
- I touched that book after touching the doorknob. I must wash my hands for one minute with hot water and Clorox the book.
- My kid touched the counter after playing in the garden. That’s disgusting! I just have to clean it.
You can learn more about obsessions and OCD in general here.
Compulsions are behaviors that people do in order to get rid of the fear, doubt, distress and disgust that often result from obsessions. These actions can be overt or covert. A person might do many types of compulsions. They might wash, check, avoid, seek reassurance, analyze thoughts and more. In Contamination OCD, compulsions can look like:
- Tracking objects that have been touched so that you can clean away any germs later
- Washing hands more than is reasonable or in a specific pattern
- Asking loved ones to clean things or to wash on your behalf
You can learn more about compulsions here.
TREATMENT FOR CONTAMINATION OCD
EXPOSURE AND RESPONSE PREVENTION (ERP)
We approach the treatment of every subtype of OCD in the same way, with Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP). This involves facing the things that trigger thoughts and feelings without giving into compulsions. For instance, with Contamination OCD one might go outside for a walk and make the choice not to shower upon getting home. It is, of course, important to be mindful of CDC guidelines, especially in light of COVID. If CDC guidelines suggest that you wash in certain circumstances, response prevention involves limiting the amount of washing.
The goals of ERP for Contamination OCD are to:
- allow for the presence of doubt thoughts about the potential for contamination
- make space for distress
- accept that one cannot know for certain that they will not come into contact with contaminants
We want to be careful not to focus too much on the content of OCD as the thoughts themselves aren’t important. Still, there are some common roadblocks that people with this subtype face. If you’re interested in support for this form of OCD, Lauren has extensive experience working with those who have Contamination OCD. You can learn more about the treatment and services she provides here, or email Lauren here to find out more about working with her.
ACCEPTANCE AND COMMITMENT THERAPY (ACT) & MINDFULNESS
While ERP is considered the gold-standard treatment for OCD, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) is also an evidence-based treatment for OCD that can be used along with ERP. ACT draws upon mindfulness in order to support people in non-judgmentally witnessing and accepting their thoughts and feelings. By supporting this objective view of these internal experiences, ACT helps people to accept thoughts and feelings while they take actions based on what matters most to them. You can learn more about ACT here.
General Mindfulness as well as Meditation are also helpful approaches that support recovery from Contamination OCD. Meditation can support people in practicing mindfulness. Mindfulness can support individuals in peacefully coexisting with thoughts and feelings.
INTERESTED IN TREATMENT FOR CONTAMINATION OCD?
Are you or a loved one struggling with symptoms of Contamination OCD and looking for help? Lauren uses Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, Exposure and Response Prevention and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy to support those with Contamination OCD. You can learn more about the treatments and services she provides here.
Lauren is a licensed psychotherapist in
several states. Learn more about where
Lauren sees Clients, below.
When she is offering face to face, Lauren does in-person therapy in Newport Beach. She also provides online treatment for Contamination OCD throughout California. Her Clients span from San Francisco down to Southern Orange County and San Diego.
Lauren provides treatment for Contamination OCD in the state of Utah. Since she provides teletherapy, she works with people who live in different areas of the Beehive State – from Salt Lake City and its suburbs, like West Jordan, Syracuse, Highland and Riverton, to Park City and St. George.
Lauren also offers treatment for Contamination OCD online in Florida, and sees people from all corners of the Sunshine state. Whether you’re from Naples, Orlando, Miami, or Boca Raton, Lauren can provide specialized counseling remotely in your area.
Lauren also practices teletherapy in Arizona. If you’re seeking help with your fears in Phoenix, Sedona, Scottsdale or Tucson, Lauren offers specialized therapy for Contamination OCD online across the Grand Canyon State.
In addition to all of the locations previously listed, Lauren offers teletherapy for Contamination OCD to a number of countries internationally. You can learn
Online therapy isn’t right for everyone. An assessment must be done to determine if online therapy is appropriate for your needs. You can reach out here to learn more.
Subscribe below to keep up-to-date on Lauren’s video content, writing, podcasts, shop and more.
For more information about working with Lauren
call 310-824-5200 ext. 4 to speak with Client
Coordinator Lisa O’Reilly at the
©2021 by Lauren McMeikan Rosen, LMFT.
Disclaimer: The information contained on this website is intended for informational and education purposes only and is not meant to be a replacement for therapy. If you are interested in treatment, you can email me and I will happily provide you with more information